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Tafsir of Surat An-Nisa' Verse 149

"Whether you (mankind) disclose a good deed (that you or others carried out) or conceal it, or pardon someone's rudeness toward you, verily, God is Ever Oft-Pardoning, All-Powerful." [4:149]

At the end of the verse God mentions that He is both forgiving and powerful. This is to show us that although He is able to take revenge from us for our sins, He forgives them. By reminding us of this fact, Allah asks us to follow His example and forgive people even if we have the power to take revenge from them.

We can take revenge from people by replying to a rude remark with one of a similar nature or by taking something from them if they took something from us, etc.

Islam doesn't impose a rule of forgiveness on us. We are allowed to seek punishment for those who have harmed us [Quran, 2:194]. But forgiving people is always the more noble option.